Knowledge and Practice of Self-medication among Undergraduate Medical Students

  • Anishma Karmacharya Lumbini Medical College https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4621-1041
  • Bipashwi Nath Uprety Patan Academy of Health Sciences
  • Ravi Shankar Pathiyil American International Medical University
  • Sudesh Gyawali Manipal College of Medical Sciences
Keywords: knowledge, medical students, Nepal, practice, self medication

Abstract

Introduction: Self-medication is an important aspect of self-care. It is a common practice in society and medical students are no exception. The aim of this study was to explore the knowledge and practice of self-medication among students of a medical school in Western Nepal.

Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among basic science and clinical students after obtaining prior consent from those willing to participate. Respondents’ degree of agreement with a set of 25 statements was noted using Likert scale to assess their knowledge. The practice of self-medication was studied by asking about the use of selected groups of medicines during the past one-year period and noting the pattern of use.

Results: Three hundred and thirty of the 356 students (92.6%) participated in the study. Mean knowledge score was 93.2 (SD = 8.1). Self-medication was practiced by 83.3% (n = 275) of respondents. Knowledge about self-medication differed among respondents according to gender (p = 0.03) and nationality (p = 0.04) but not other variables. Practice of self-medication was associated with father’s profession (p = 0.03) and nationality of the respondents (p = 0.04).

Conclusions: Students’ knowledge about self-medication was good and they commonly practiced self-medication. Pain-killers were the most commonly used drug.

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Author Biographies

Anishma Karmacharya, Lumbini Medical College

Lecturer,

Department of Pharmacology

Bipashwi Nath Uprety, Patan Academy of Health Sciences

Lecturer,

Department of Pharmacology

Ravi Shankar Pathiyil, American International Medical University

Professor,

Department of Pharmacology

Sudesh Gyawali, Manipal College of Medical Sciences

Associate Professor,

Department of Pharmacology

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Published
2018-05-13
How to Cite
1.
Karmacharya A, Uprety B, Pathiyil R, Gyawali S. Knowledge and Practice of Self-medication among Undergraduate Medical Students. J Lumbini Med Coll [Internet]. 13May2018 [cited 6Jun.2020];6(1):21 -26. Available from: https://jlmc.edu.np/index.php/JLMC/article/view/174
Section
Original Research Article