Introduction: As suggested through several autopsy studies there is a high prevalence of latent prostate  cancer in the population. A much smaller proportion of prostate  cancer is detected because of clinical symptoms. This study was done to identify the rates of incidentally detected prostate cancer in patients undergoing surgical management of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) in our centre.

Methods: A retrospective review was done on all transurethral resections of the prostate (TURP)  cases from May 2014 to May 2015 at a single tertiary care institution. One hundred and three men, aged 40 to 88 year, underwent TURP and their specimens were sent for the  histopathological analysis.

Results: Five (4.85%) patients were diagnosed with the prostate  cancer. All the five patients had Gleason score of seven or more. Two patients had moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma  with Gleason score of seven. Three patients had poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma with Gleason score of eight or above. The Prostate cancer was seen only  in the age group above 65 years but it was not statistically significant.

Conclusion: Our series demonstrated that 4.85% of patients had latent prostate  cancer. It occurs mainly in men above 65 years of age though this was not statistically significant.