Nasal Parameters and Facial Index in Medical Undergraduates: A Cross Sectional Study

  • Sudikshya KC Lumbini Medical College and Teaching Hospital
  • Subina Shrestha Lumbini Medical College and Teaching Hospital
  • Laxmi Bhattarai Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal
Keywords: Anthropometric, Facial index, Nasal index, Sexual dimorphism


Introduction: Face has priority in identification of an individual. Nose occupying the middle of face is an
important sense organ that helps in respiration. Nose and face can be classified into different types according
to nasal index and facial index. The aim of this study was to analyze nose and face type and find out its
dominance in different sex of Nepalese and Indian population. Methods: This was a quantitative observational
study conducted on 156 medical students using simple sampling method. Data were collected then nasal
index and facial index were calculated. Descriptive statistical data i.e. mean, standard deviation, together
with the independent-samples t-test results for anthropometric variables of nasal and facial parameters in
sex and Nationality (Nepalese and Indian) were analyzed. Results: All the measurement values were more
in males compared to females, but the sexual dimorphism in nasal index (male 76.25 ± 7.75, female 75.70
± 8.05) and facial index (male 85.77 ± 8.1, female 82.97 ± 7.63) is not statistically significant. Chi-square
test revealed significant difference in face type among Nepalese and Indian population. Mesorrhine was
the most common type of nose in both the population. Nepalese had commonly euryprosopic type of face
while Indians had hypereuryprosopic type of face. Conclusion: Sexual dimorphism was not significant in
both nasal and facial parameters while type of face was helpful in differentiation of Nepalese and Indian


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Author Biographies

Sudikshya KC, Lumbini Medical College and Teaching Hospital


Department of Anatomy.

Subina Shrestha, Lumbini Medical College and Teaching Hospital


Department of Anatomy.

Laxmi Bhattarai, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal


Department of Anatomy.


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How to Cite
KC S, Shrestha S, Bhattarai L. Nasal Parameters and Facial Index in Medical Undergraduates: A Cross Sectional Study. J Lumbini Med Coll [Internet]. 30Dec.2019 [cited 8Jul.2020];7(2):81-7. Available from:
Original Research Article