Risk Factors for Obesity in Nepalese Women: A Cross-sectional Study

  • Mamta Koirala Lumbini Medical College and Teaching Hospital https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8822-8111
  • Srishti Bajracharya Lumbini Medical College and Teaching Hospital https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7070-8851
  • Mohan Laxmi Koirala United Mission Hospital, Tansen
  • Sarita Neupane Norvic International Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • Keshav Raj Bhandari Lumbini Medical College and Teaching Hospital
Keywords: Body Mass Index, Obesity, Prevalence, Risk factors, Women

Abstract

Introduction: Obesity is defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. It is
on the rise worldwide, not sparing developing countries. Both demographic and socioeconomic factors play
an important part in its causation. Body mass index is a simple index of weight-for-height that is commonly
used to classify overweight and obesity in adults. This study was done with objectives of assessing the prevalence of overweight and obesity and its associated factors among adult women attending selected outpatient departments of tertiary care center in western region of Nepal. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectionalthe study was conducted for six months. A total of 160 female respondents aged more than 20 years attending outpatient departments were included in the study using non-probability convenient sampling technique. Data on socio-demographic status, dietary pattern, health risk behavior and presence of chronic illness were collected and anthropometric measurements were taken for all the respondents. Results: The prevalence of overweight and obesity were 31.8% and 3.8% respectively. There was a statistically significant association between obesity and overweight with age (p=0.044), educational status (p=0.017), frequency of consumption of fruits (p=0.029), dietary pattern (p=0.023), frequency of consumption of dairy products (p=0.019), marital status (p=0.020) and drinking alcohol (p=0.022). Conclusion: Age, educational status, frequency of consumption of dairy products, dietary habits, marital status and drinking habits were strongly associated with obesity and overweight among adult women.

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Author Biographies

Mamta Koirala, Lumbini Medical College and Teaching Hospital

Lecturer,

College of Nursing.

Srishti Bajracharya, Lumbini Medical College and Teaching Hospital

Lecturer,

College of Nursing.

Mohan Laxmi Koirala, United Mission Hospital, Tansen

Nursing Officer.

Sarita Neupane, Norvic International Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Nursing Officer.

Keshav Raj Bhandari, Lumbini Medical College and Teaching Hospital

Lecturer,

Department of Community Medicine.

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Published
2020-01-21
How to Cite
1.
Koirala M, Bajracharya S, Koirala M, Neupane S, Bhandari K. Risk Factors for Obesity in Nepalese Women: A Cross-sectional Study. J Lumbini Med Coll [Internet]. 21Jan.2020 [cited 2Apr.2020];7(2):93-9. Available from: https://jlmc.edu.np/index.php/JLMC/article/view/294
Section
Original Research Article