Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Hypertension Among Adults in Palpa District, Nepal

Keywords: Hypertension, Prevalence, Risk factors

Abstract

Introduction: Hypertension mostly remains asymptomatic when controlled, however, there is always an increased risk of heart disease, stroke, and renal failure. The higher the blood pressure, the higher the likelihood of harmful consequences to the heart, blood vessels, eyes, brain, and kidneys. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in the adult population. The blood pressure was measured from the left arm, the respondents in sitting posture and arm support at the heart level. Results: The prevalence of hypertension was 22% and higher in people above 60 years of age. The prevalence of hypertension was more in people who had elevated waist to hip ratio (65%) and positive family history (40.8%). The prevalence of hypertension was observed high among diabetics (63.2%) and in smokers (33.3%). Conclusion: The prevalence of hypertension was seen positively associated with increasing age, smoking, alcohol sedentary lifestyle, diabetes, stress, central obesity and >25 BMI.

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Author Biographies

Deelip Kumar Karki, Lumbini Medical College and Teaching Hospital

Lecturer,

Department of Community Medicine.

Samata Nepal, Lumbini Medical College and Teaching Hospital

Lecturer,

Department of Community Medicine.

Keshav Raj Bhandari, Lumbini Medical College and Teaching Hospital

Lecturer,

Department of Community Medicine.

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Published
2020-01-19
How to Cite
1.
Karki D, Nepal S, Bhandari K. Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Hypertension Among Adults in Palpa District, Nepal. J Lumbini Med Coll [Internet]. 19Jan.2020 [cited 10Aug.2020];7(2):107-12. Available from: https://jlmc.edu.np/index.php/JLMC/article/view/300
Section
Original Research Article