Knowledge Regarding Blood Donation among Students of a College in Western Nepal

  • Sita Bhandari Lumbini Medical College and Teaching Hospital
  • Parbati Nepal Lumbini Medical College and Teaching Hospital
  • Bandana Pokharel Lumbini Medical College and Teaching Hospital
Keywords: Blood donation, College students, Knowledge


Introduction: Blood can save millions of lives, and young people are the hope and future of safe blood supply
worldwide. This study was conducted with an objective to assess knowledge level regarding blood donation
among college students. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted at Shree Mandavya Multiple
Campus, Palpa, among all years of Bachelor in Business Studies students. Census sampling technique was
used and the sample size was 78. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Descriptive and
inferential statistics (Chi-square) was used for analysis. The level of significance (p) was set at 0.05. Results:
The mean age of the participants was 19.5 years. Majority (67.9%) of the participants were male and the
remaining 32.1% were female. Most (87.2%) of them had never donated blood. Few (38.5%) of them had
history of blood requirement in the family whereas, 23.1% had blood donation in family. More than half
(51.3%) of participants had inadequate level of knowledge regarding blood donation. The study showed that
sex (p=0.04), history of self-blood donation (p=0.03) and history of blood requirement in the family (p=0.01)
were found statistically significant with level of knowledge regarding blood transfusion. Conclusion: This
study showed that majority of the students had inadequate knowledge regarding blood donation. Thus, it is
very important to adopt strategies to sensitize and motivate them towards voluntary blood donation.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Sita Bhandari, Lumbini Medical College and Teaching Hospital


College of Nursing.

Parbati Nepal, Lumbini Medical College and Teaching Hospital

Assistant Professor,

College of Nursing.

Bandana Pokharel, Lumbini Medical College and Teaching Hospital

Associate Professor,

College of Nursing.


Sharma RK, Verma S, Sharma M, Pugazhendi S. Voluntary Blood Donation: Attitude and Practice among Indian Adults. Journal of Community Medicine & Health Education. 2016;6(3):1000436. Available from:

Melku M, Asrie F, Shiferaw E, Woldu B, Yihunew Y, Asmelash D, et al. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Regarding Blood Donation among Graduating Undergraduate Health Science Students at the University of Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia. Ethiop J Health Sci. 2018;28(5):571-82. PMID: 30607072. DOI:

Kanani AN, Vachhani JH, Upadhyay SB, Dholakiya SK. A study on knowledge and awareness about blood donation amongst government medical, para-medical and nursing undergraduate students in Jamnagar, Gujarat. Global Journal of Transfusion icine. 2018;3(1):46-51. Available from:

Shidam UG, Lakshminarayanan S, Saurabh S, Roy G. Knowledge and Attitude Regarding Blood Donation in Rural Puducherry, India. National Journal of Community Medicine. 2015;6(1):64-8. Available from:

Thakur A, Chauhan HS, Acharya B. Knowledge and practices of blood donation among the undergraduate students of district Una, Himachal Pradesh, India. Global Journal of Medicine and Public Health. 2015;4(6):1-7. Available from:

Sahoo DP, Patil C, Dehmubed A. A study of knowledge, attitude and practice of voluntary blood donation among interns of a municipal medical college. International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health. 2017;4(4):1166-70. DOI:

AlMutairi AT, Alhatlan HM, AlBujays IA, Almulhim AS. Blood donation among Al-Ahsa population in Saudi Arabia: Attitudes, practice and obstacles. International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health. 2016;3(8):167-73. DOI:

Enawgaw B, Yalew A, Shiferaw E. Blood donors’ knowledge and attitude towards blood donation at North Gondar district blood bank, Northwest Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study. BMC Research Notes. 2019;12:729. DOI:

Atherley AE, Taylor CG Jr, Whittington A, Jonker C. Knowledge, attitudes and practices towards blood donation in Barbados. Transfus Med. 2016;26(6):415‐21. PMID: 27634655. DOI:

Mamatya A, Prajapati R, Yadav R. Knowledge and Practice of Blood Donation: A Comparison Between Medical and Non-Medical Nepalese Students. Nepal Med Coll J. 2012;14(4):283-6. PMID: 24579535

Shamebo T, Gedebo C, Damtew M, Woldegeor¬gis T, Girma E, Terefe D. Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Voluntary Blood Donation among Undergraduate Students in Awada Campus, Hawassa University, Southern Ethiopia. Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion. 2020;11(1):431. Available from:

Ahmed Z, Zafar M, Khan AA, Anjum MU, Siddique MA. Knowledge, Attitude and Practices about Blood Donation among Undergraduate Medical Students in Karachi. Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy. 2014;2(2):1000134. DOI:

Hiremath P. To Assess the Knowledge of Blood Donation among Voluntary Blood Donor at Blood Bank, Krishna Hospital Karad (Maharashtra, India). Journal of Nursing Care. 2012;1(6):1000124. DOI:

Mishra SK, Sachdev S, Marwaha N, Avasthi A. Study of knowledge and attitude among college-going students toward voluntary blood donation from North India. J Blood Med. 2016;7:19-26. PMID: 27051326. DOI:

How to Cite
Bhandari S, Nepal P, Pokharel B. Knowledge Regarding Blood Donation among Students of a College in Western Nepal. J Lumbini Med Coll [Internet]. 10Sep.2020 [cited 11May2021];8(2):201-5. Available from:
Original Research Article