Assessment of Mental Health Problems of School Children Using Self Report Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire

Keywords: Emotion, Mental health, Peer problem, School children, Strength Difficulty Questionnaire

Abstract

Introduction: Psychological disorders among children and adolescents are the least discussed health problems in pediatrics. There is limited data on the prevalence of mental health problems among adolescents in low-income countries like Nepal. This study intended to find the prevalence of mental health problems among school children in a secondary school in western Nepal. Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, students of grades six to eleven of two private schools of a district in Nepal were randomly selected. The self-rated version of Goodman’s Strength and Difficulty Questionnaire were used to assess mental health problem in these adolescents. Outcomes were measured in a scale of zero to 10 for each of emotional, conduct, hyperactivity, peer problem and pro-social behavior. Difficulty scale and its impact on life were also measured. Results: Out of 902 students, 5% (n=49) had significant and 14% (n=127) had probable mental health problem. Peer problems was the commonest (25%) followed by emotional (15%) and conduct problem (15%) and hyperactivity and pro-social problems were seen in 7% each. Boys had more mental health problem than girls except emotional problem. Mental health problem was more common in lower grade or younger age students. Its impact on life were 0-7.4%. Abnormal internalizing and externalizing problems were reported in 20% and 11% respectively. Conclusion: Mental health problem was prevalent (5 to 25%) in secondary school children. Screening school children for the same would be beneficial for early diagnosis.

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Author Biographies

Uma Maharjan Chhetri, Lumbini Medical College and Teaching Hospital

Associate Professor,

Department of Pediatrics.

Anita Lamichhane, Lumbini Medical College and Teaching Hospital

Associate Professor,

Department of Pediatrics. 

Shami Pokhrel, Lumbini Medical College and Teaching Hospital

Lecturer,

Department of Pediatrics.

Bhaskkar Sharma, Lumbini Medical College and Teaching Hospital

Assistant Professor,

Department of Pediatrics.

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Published
2021-05-24
How to Cite
1.
Chhetri U, Lamichhane A, Pokhrel S, Sharma B. Assessment of Mental Health Problems of School Children Using Self Report Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. J Lumbini Med Coll [Internet]. 24May2021 [cited 28Jul.2021];9(1):6 pages. Available from: https://jlmc.edu.np/index.php/JLMC/article/view/392
Section
Original Research Article