Introduction: Acceptance of family planning is influenced by a variety of interrelated factors such as age at marriage, education, economic status, religion, number of living children etc. This study is an endeavor to assess the relation between education status of husband and wife and acceptance of contraception among postpartum women at Lumbini Medical College Teaching Hospital.

Methods: A prospective, observational analytical study was conducted in Obstetrics and Gynecology department of Lumbini Medical College. The information on socio-demographic data, educational status of husband and wife and willingness to accept any form of contraception within the next three months was obtained by an interview, utilizing a questionnaire.

Results: There were 615 postpartum ladies accompanied by their husbands who were included in the study. Mean age of wives was 25.11 years (SD=5.36, range 17-45) and husbands was 27.89 years (SD=5.55, range 20-47). Contraceptive acceptance was shown to increase significantly with literacy status. Illiterate husbands and wives refused to accept the contraception which was statistically significant (p<0.001).

Conclusion: Contraceptive acceptance was significantly poor in illiterate wives and husbands whereas it was significantly higher in educated wives and husbands of all education levels. We feel the need of more education programs and education friendly socio-economic conditions which increases the acceptance of contraception thereby assisting family planning and population control.